Maths

Over the year under normal circumstances we would work on the following areas of Maths:

- Position and Direction.

Within each area we cover specific things.

Please find below some games and non-screen activities you could use to introduce these things.

Number & Place Value

 Set up a toy bowling pin set (or make one from plastic bottles or toilet paper tubes). Kids bowl and see how many pins they knock down, subtracting that number from 10. Then they repeat. They write a subtraction starting with the previous answer. First to get to zero wins! Make “snowballs” from paper (or any way you like), then place them in a bucket at one end of the room.   Start kids out by having them toss snowballs into another bucket until they reach 10 (or any target number).   Then, up the challenge by placing some snowballs in each bucket, and have kids figure out how many more they need to toss in to make 10. 3. Lego ways to make activity .... Choose a total to create and find different ways to do it with Lego bricks      Challenge - Play this game Addition with a Missing Addend 4. I-phone Dancemat  Stick pieces of A4 paper together to create your telephone keypad.  Call out totals to make e.g. Make 10. Ask your child to put their feet on 2 numbers that make that total.  They could play with a sibling and play for points - fastest feet first wins providing the pair of numbers make the correct total.  They can continue play independently - encourage them to decide on new totals. Can they find multiple ways to make a total?  .

Multiplication & Division

 1 . Counting in 5s and the 5 times table Salon.    Draw around your hand.   Write in the middle how fingers (5 - include thumbs)   Explain you have drawn 1 group of 5 or 1 hand which has 5 fingers on it. Label it with the multiplication fact for them to see and explain what each number in the calculation means.   Draw around your hand again next to your last one.  Writing in the middle how many fingers there are on your paper now.   Continue until you have 60 fingers on the paper. Adults you can have turns too to help with the drawing.     Decorate the nails with kids nail polish or pens. 2.  Play socks in the box. You can find it by folloing the link below.  https://www.highfieldhall.derbyshire.sch.uk/pe-6/   Count in 2s up to 24.  Look at how many landed in the box. Peg them out on the washing line together or put the pairs in a line on the floor and count in  twos. You could label your pairs with post-it notes to make a number line.      Learn the 2 times tables facts. 3.  Make arrays in interesting ways  Make arrays to show what happens when we count in 2s, 5s and 10s. These are the times tables that we start learning in year 1.    Click on the link to find out how to play plum tree and how to make arrays. There is an illustrated step-by-step guide.  https://masandpas.com/multiplication-activity/   Find out more here  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GvJRIK60idA   You could make arrays with play dough.  You could plant seeds in trays to form arrays.  You could make arrays by putting pasta in a bun tin or egg box.

Fractions

 1. Get your child involved in making lunch or pretend you own a cafe or restaurant. Involve your child in making their own sandwiches, pizza or wrap. Can they create one that is half and half? Can they create one where each quarter has a different topping? You could also pretend to make these things with play dough.    Find different foods to halve and quarter. Talk about which is the fairest way to split it?  A strawberry is best halved from the top to the bottom (vertically) If you cut it horizontally the 2 people sharing it would get unequal parts. One part would be big and one would be small. 2. Share sweets fairly between 2 or 4. Choose an even number of objects to halve.  Choose a total in the 4 times table for quarters. 3. Find lots of different containers. Fill them half full. Can you fit the amount you have put in again and fill it? Top tip - add blue food colouring to water or use squash to help you to see how much is in the containers more easily.    Alternative - explore the capacity of different containers in your paddling pool or bath. 4. Learn what quarters and halves are using paper plates or paper strips. 5. Decorate an old pair of socks, slippers or gloves. Give an even number of stickers, sequins, buttons or other decorations. Share them between the 2 gloves or socks or slippers so that they match and there is an equal number on each.

Position and Direction

 1. Play jungle directions/ cross the swamp.Work together with your child. Scatter a variety of equipment on the floor such as socks, cushions, plastic cups. You could label your socks as the 'bugs', your cushions the 'crocodiles' and the cups as 'dangerous insects'    Guide your child, who has been blindfolded, through the jungle to the other side of the gym without stepping on anything. Then switch places if they make it to the other side or if they step on something.   You could do this activity without the blindfold. Make a grid using sheets of A4 paper and take it in turns to direct each other from  one side to the other. 2. Toy Turns  Tape a path on the floor. Be sure to use straight lines and right angle turns. No diagonals. Write or give instructions verbally. Can you start at the other end of the line and direct your toy back again. Are your directions the same or different? 3. Teach your child the Macarena. It involves lots of quarter turns and the actions repeat. It is a fun way to work on turns.  It might be helpful to mark/chalk a cross on the floor and get them to stand in the centre.   Practise some ballet pirouettes or spins.  Show them how to do a quarter turn and stop before going too far. It might take several attempts before they stop going too far.     When they have got the hang of quarter turns try half turns and full turns.

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