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Tips for grown ups:

We use the terms ‘code’ for how it is written and ‘sound’ for the sound it makes when you say it. 


This week we are learning:

the -y code. (The dash means this is when it comes at the end of a word)

The sound it makes is /ee/ like in baby and mummy.



the /ay/sound. There is more than one code that says /ay/-We are leaning the ai code as in rain and the ay code as in day.


This video shows how we pronounce the phonics sounds. They are called PURE sounds.

They are very short and don't have the 'uh' after them-try saying b, c and d at the front of your mouth without the 'uh' sound after it.

This means c-a-t will blend to say cat not cu-a-tuh! 
Try it!

This week we are learning

the qu code -it says /kw/,




the ou and the ow codes that both say /ow/

The /ow/ sound

Learn the pronunciation and sound of codes - ow and ou.

1 Minute Spelling Strategy: Mnemonics!

This week we have been learning new ways of remembering how to spell tricky words. We learnt about mnemonics.
Watch the video below. Can you use it to write the words said? If this mnemonic doesn't work for you, make up your own. It must follow this pattern.


Phonics: How to pronounce pure sounds | Oxford Owl

Here is a video of how to pronounce all 44 phonics sounds, or phonemes, used in the English language.

Nessy Reading Strategy: The 3 Sounds of Y

Why is 'y' such an amazing letter? Because it makes 3 different sounds depending on the word! Remember which sound to use with the help of the yetis.

Nessy Spelling Strategy: When To Use ai Or ay

''ai' and 'ay' make the same sound, 'A'. This Nessy animation will explain which one to use.

We are learning the /oa/ sound with the oa code as in pirate boat and the ow code as in row.



This week we have been learning about the famous pirate Blackbeard so we needed to know this code ready to write our descriptions.


Why not try making a story out of other Topic related 'ck' words. 









Nessy Spelling Strategy: Cuddly C and Kicking K

C and K make the same sound, this rule helps you know which one to use. But there are always a few exceptions to every rule!



The first sound we have been learning this week is 'ar' because pirates use this sound all the time!

Use the videos below to recap and practise segmenting and blending and share your phonics folder with your grown up. 

'ar' Words | Phonics Phase 3

Pirates Say AR! (song for kids about the "ar" sound)

Nessy Reading Strategy: The Sound 'AR'

The letter 'r' changes the sound of the letter 'a' from a short sound to a different one.